Ginkgo biloba


Ginkgo biloba

Maidenhair Tree

Highlight Month:


China – only two localities in China still hold wild populations of this ancient tree, but it has been a sacred plant for centuries and was probably saved from extinction through cultivation.

Growth Habit:

Deciduous tree, 65 to 80 feet in height. Leaves are fan-shaped, resembling the leaflets of maidenhair fern, thus the common name. Fossil remains of ginkgo leaves from the Triassic (about 300 to 200 million years old) are nearly identical to present day leaves.

Growing Requirements:

Grows in many types of soil and climate. It has great tolerance for compacted soils and smog, so is a good tree for city streets and parks.


Ginkgo biloba is widely grown in China and Japan for its medicinal, food and timber value. In spite of their nauseating smell, the seeds, when the fleshy coat is removed, are roasted or included in bird’s-nest soup. Standardized extracts from the leaves are used to treat difficulties of concentration and memory, lack of energy, decrease physical performance, anxiety, dizziness, tinnitus and headache.

Where at Lotusland:

In the Japanese garden near the waterfall and stream.

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