Most gopher poisons contain strychnine, an extremely toxic substance that persists in the environment for a long period and may poison raptors and other predators.
Poisons are not used at Lotusland. Adequate control of gophers is possible with trapping, if done in a proper manner on a regular basis. It is important that everyone attempting to control gophers by trapping become familiar with the gopher’s biology. New innovations in stainless steel snap traps have made trapping more effective even than poisons.
To control gophers without poison:
- Regularly monitor gopher activity and trap. Gophers do not hibernate and are more prolific after the rainy season when moist soil and fresh grasses make life easier for them. Intensify monitoring and trapping efforts during these times.
- Use wire mesh cages to protect small plants. This is not advised for larger plants because the roots may become choked by the wire mesh.
- Mow cover crops and insectary areas, which can be home to gophers. The gophers are likely to migrate to other areas, so their movement must be monitored.